The Ramadan Routine: A Guide to Fasting, Prayer, and Charity during the Holiest Month of Islam

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, considered the holiest month for Muslims worldwide. During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset, refraining from food, drink, and other physical needs. It is also a time for spiritual reflection, increased acts of worship, and a focus on community and charitable giving. In this article, we will explore the Ramadan routine, which includes the various practices and customs that Muslims follow during this month.

♥ Ramadan Routine:

Pre-Dawn Meal (Suhoor)

The pre-dawn meal, or suhoor, is essential to the Ramadan routine. Muslims wake up early before dawn to eat a meal that will sustain them throughout the day of fasting. The suhoor meal usually consists of nutrient-dense foods, such as complex carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats, to provide the body with the necessary energy to sustain fasting throughout the day.

It is recommended to eat the suhoor meal close to the time of dawn to maximize the benefits of the fast. Muslims also use this time to make supplications and offer prayers, seeking blessings for the day ahead.


Fasting is the most significant aspect of Ramadan, and it is mandatory for all Muslims who have reached the age of puberty and are physically able to fast. Fasting involves abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs, including smoking and sexual relations, from dawn until sunset.

Fasting is not just about abstaining from physical needs but also involves controlling one’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. It is a time for self-discipline, self-control, and spiritual reflection.

Breaking the Fast (Iftar)

Muslims break their fast at sunset with a meal called iftar. The iftar meal usually starts with dates and water, following the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Dates are a rich energy source and help restore blood sugar levels after a long day of fasting.

After the dates, Muslims perform the Maghrib prayer, the fourth of the five daily prayers. Following the prayer, they sit down to eat the iftar meal, which typically includes a variety of foods, including soups, salads, main dishes, and desserts.

Community and Charitable Giving

Ramadan is also a time for increased community engagement and charitable giving. Muslims are encouraged to spend time with family and friends and reach out to those in need.

Charitable giving is an essential part of Ramadan, and it is common for Muslims to give a portion of their wealth to those in need. This practice is called zakat, one of Islam’s five pillars. Muslims are also encouraged to perform additional acts of charity, such as volunteering at a soup kitchen or donating food to a food bank.

Night Prayers (Taraweeh)

Taraweeh prayers are a special form of voluntary prayers that Muslims perform during Ramadan. These prayers are performed after the Isha prayer and involve reciting long portions of the Quran.

The Taraweeh prayers are usually performed in a mosque, and it is customary for the imam to recite one-thirtieth of the Quran each night. This practice enables Muslims to complete the recitation of the entire Quran by the end of Ramadan.

Late Night Meal (Suhur)

After the Taraweeh prayers, Muslims have a late-night meal called suhur. This meal is similar to the pre-dawn meal but is eaten later at night. Suhur provides Muslims with the necessary nutrients to sustain them throughout the day of fasting ahead.

Suhur is also an opportunity for Muslims to engage in additional acts of worship, such as reciting the Quran, supplicating, or offering voluntary prayers.

Final Words:

Ramadan is a month of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and community engagement for Muslims worldwide. The Ramadan routine includes various practices and customs, including the pre-dawn meal, fasting, breaking the fast, community and charitable giving, night prayers, and late-night meals.

The Ramadan routine is an essential aspect of the Islamic faith. It serves as a reminder for Muslims to focus on their spiritual well-being, connect with their community, and give back to those in need. Ramadan is a time for self-reflection, self-discipline, and growth, and it is an opportunity for Muslims to strengthen their relationship with Allah (SWT) and deepen their understanding of their faith.

Leave a Comment